The guidelines for an AED are defined by the participating countries. The United Nations and the World Trade Organization are important intergovernmental organizations for forging and implementing agreements. Many multilateral environmental agreements (MEA) are a body to monitor the agreement. How we see the effectiveness of the protocols depends on what we expect from them. With little administrative or real authority, the protocols increase government concern, improve the contractual environment and increase capacity by transferring assets. But as long as sovereignty is intact, environmental protocols will not have an impact on changes in relation to public or public apathy, guarantee national measures or materialize overnight. The progress of international environmental law could be, as wiener suggests, like the turtle, slow but constant. [11] Finally, countries may not be motivated to change their environmental policies due to conflicts with other interests, including economic prosperity. If environmental protocols cause economic hardship or damage to one country, it may escape protocols, while other countries comply with them, resulting in a classic problem of parasitism.

In addition, environmental protocols can be criticized for scientific uncertainty or, at the very least, for a lack of synthesis of scientific information that can be used for “conflicting interests and disaster”. [5] This can now be seen as an excuse defined as skepticism about climate change. UNEP is assisting the Afghan National Environmental Protection Agency (NEPA) and the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) to implement multilateral and regional environmental agreements through training and technical assistance in the development of project proposals, legal harmonization and reporting. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is home to the secretariats of many critical environmental agreements and multilateral research organizations that bring nations and the environmental community together to meet the major challenges of our time. Australia is known for its wide diversity of animal species and diverse environment, which encompasses beaches, deserts and mountains,[16] and climate change is a major problem. The country is under the largest hole in the world`s ozone layer, which has an impact on the environment. Australia`s proximity to Antarctica raises concerns about sea level rise and changes in ocean currents that affect the climate. There are many more MEAs than this manual. In addition to global conventions such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), there are agreements on specific themes such as the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species and certain regions, the Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea from Pollution. These are not overseen by UN bodies, but by specialized organizations created by the conventions. The use of multilateral environmental agreements began in 1857, when a German agreement regulates the flow of water between Lake Constance and Austria and Switzerland. [3] International environmental protocols have been favoured in the area of environmental policy, with cross-border environmental problems widely perceived in the 1960s.

[4] Because of these obstacles, environmental protocols become an obvious goal for several points of criticism, such as the slowness of . B the slow effect (due to the process of implementing the Convention-Ratification-Ratification), to ensure the lowest common denominator and not to achieve control and implementation.